Refer to the PDQ summary on Prostate Cancer Prevention for more information on prostate cancer prevention.
Calcium, the most abundant mineral in the body, is found in some foods, added to others, available as a dietary supplement, and present in some medicines (such as antacids).
Prostate cancer is the most common noncutaneous cancer affecting men in the United States.
From 2008 to 2012, the median age of diagnosis of prostate cancer was 66, and the incidence rate was 138 cases per 100,000 men per year. Many studies suggest that complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is common among prostate cancer patients, and the use of vitamins, supplements, and specific foods is frequently reported by these patients.
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Their inclusion should not be considered an endorsement of the content of the websites, or of any treatment or product, by the PDQ Integrative, Alternative, and Complementary Therapies Editorial Board or the National Cancer Institute.
The results showed that, among prostate cancer survivors, vitamin or mineral use ranged from 26% to 35%. Although many prostate cancer patients use CAM treatments, they do not all disclose their CAM use to treating physicians.This summary includes the history of research, reviews of laboratory and animal studies, and results of clinical trials on the following foods or dietary supplements: Each type of dietary supplement or food will have a dedicated section in the summary, and new topics will be added over time.Note: A separate PDQ summary on PC-SPES is also available.Most grains do not have high amounts of calcium unless they are fortified; however, they contribute calcium to the diet because they contain small amounts of calcium, and people consume them frequently.Foods fortified with calcium include many fruit juices and drinks, tofu, and cereals. population uses dietary supplements containing calcium, which increases calcium intake by about 330 mg/day among supplement users.[1,2] To evaluate the association between calcium intake and prostate cancer mortality and morbidity, it may be important to assess objective, biological markers of calcium, include data that account for nutritional and supplemental calcium intake, and control for other confounding factors. population uses vitamin and mineral supplements (at an annual cost of over 11 billion dollars), few studies include supplement use in the association of disease risk, including prostate cancer or mortality rates.[1,2] (Refer to the PDQ summary on Prostate Cancer Prevention for more information.) Prostate cancer cells were treated with bovine milk, almond milk, soy milk, casein, or lactose in a 2011 study.